This study which looks at Evaluating the Safety and Effectiveness of the Weighted Blanket with Adults during an Inpatient Mental Health Hospitalization is a summary which was compiled by Somna AB.
The WB is a therapeutic method used to self-comfort, rest, sleep and to reduce anxiety or stress. It is used to assist individuals in achieving and maintaining an optimal level of nervous system arousal to help support self-regulation and participation in meaningful roles and occupations. The WB is a class of sensory processing-related intervention that utilise deep pressure touch stimulation (DPTS). Sensory modulation interventions with DPTS involves tactile stimulation, providing the feeling of firm pressure (similar to the pressure experienced from a hug), holding, swaddling, or massage.
A heterogeneous population was used in the study. The 30 participants (8 men and 22 women) completed all portions of the study, with an age range of 18-54. 80 % of the participants had a trauma history, and 33% had a history of restraint use in previous hospitalisations.
The pilot study was employed within a controlled environment in order to assess safety and effectiveness of the use of the WB. Safety measured data included blood pressure, pulse rate, and pulse oximetry monitoring, with and without the 30-pound WB. The effectiveness measures, for anxiety reduction, include the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-10 (STAI-10), a self-rating 0–10 anxiety scale, and Electrodermal Activity (EDA).
Measurements regarding the safety concluded that the use of the 30-pound WB did not cause any adverse influence on physiological safety in terms of blood circulation, as evidenced by the three vital signs data collected, for all the 30 participants.
The effectiveness of the weighted blankets measured that the STAI-10 results showed that 60% of the participants had a positive effect while using the WB. The 0-10 self-rating showed that 66.7% had a significant reduction in anxiety using the WB.
Read the full study here: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0164212X.2015.1066220#.VoqQo4-cE2w
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